The proposed research planned to find out the connection between
Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Sense of Coherence and
intervening part of Organizational Conflict Management of representatives of
privately owned businesses which incorporates private organizations,
multi-national organizations and firms. Researchers have demonstrated a
longstanding enthusiasm for the connection between Job Satisfaction and
Organizational Commitment, this intrigue is driven by examines that show that
a few parts of organizational commitment and faithfulness or loyalty are
related with the execution of your work and impacts how satisfy you are with
your duty. Job Satisfaction and sense of Coherence regarding utilizing
associations have gotten a lot of consideration from the two academicians and
professionals till in the 21st century. It has expanded to a great extent
because of their critical effect on organizational and individual practices
(Al-Aameri, 2000). It was discovered that worker states of mind toward
satisfaction and commitment are pointers to the solidarity between
organizational members and menagment. (Tonges et al., 1998)
When it is about Organizational Conflict Menagment Studies collaborative conflict management
culture has a positive effect on job satisfaction whereas a dominant
management culture has a negative effect on job satisfaction. No
statistically significant relationship was found between an avoidant conflict
management culture and job satisfaction. These findings may be valuable in
making decisions about provision of training in conflict management in order
to promote a positive working atmosphere within an organization (Chooi Y.
The question of how
managers promote and maintain health and well-being in the workplace has
gained popularity across disciplines. It is evident that conflicts and
inappropriate conflict management in organizations can also lead to reducing
health and well-being in managers. The sense of coherence in salutogenesis
has been found an important resource to manage stress and to cope with
challenging situations (Claude-Helen & Christina 2012).
Job satisfaction will describe individuals satisfaction related to his/her job.
The people who are happier with their job will supposed to be more satisfied.
The organizational commitment as Randal, and Riegel (1995) defined it in a
three dimensions. First is strong desire to remain a member of a exacting
organization, second is readiness to exert high levels of efforts on behalf
of the organization, and third is belief in and acceptability of the values
and goals of the organization. Sense of coherence
is described as a general feeling of confidence that the individual´s
internal and external environments are predictable and that they will work
out as planned. It is also viewed as a cognitive and emotional appraisal
style which is connected to coping and health-enhancing behaviors which
results in improved adjustment in social settings.
aimed to investigate the role of Job Satisfaction, Organizational commitment
and Sense of Coherence by mediating the effects of Organizational Conflict
Handelinhg Stretigies or ways in workers or employees of private firms or
multi-national companies. It will further investigate the relationship of each
of above mentioned variable on each other to see how exactly they correlate
with each other, so that we can insure that necessary precautions regarding
job satisfaction of employees must be taking accordingly in each firm.
Job Satisfaction is perhaps the blessing of seven heavens as all
an employee wants is that his workplace envoirnment should be emotionally and
physically healthy for him and the work should be like work not a torture and
the workplace should be relaxing not a pressure cooker.
Although, we have many researches regarding the relationship of
Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitments and the Job satisfaction and
organizational conflict menagment are there but very few are specifying the
mediating impact of Organizational Conflict Menagment with all the above
investigate relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational
investigate the Relationship between sense of Coherence and Job
Investigate the relationship between Sense of Coherence and
Organizational Conflict management.
investigate mediating role of Organizational Conflict Management in
relationship between Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and
Sense of Coherence.
Investigate the Relationship of Sense of Coherence as a predictor of Job
Satisfaction, organizational Commitment and Organizational Conflict
will be the Positive relationship between Job Satisfaction and
will be the Positive relationship between Sense of Coherence with Job
Satisfaction and Organizational Conflict Management.
Job Satisfaction, Organizational will be the Positive Predictor of
Sense of Coherence Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment.
is a Moderating Role of Organizational Conflict Inventory on Job
Satifaction and Organizational Commitment.
Data will be
collected through self-reports measures along with a brief demographic sheet.
Demographics like age, education, experience, designation will be recorded on
demographic sheet from the employees of private firms, multi-national
companies and businesses. Following instruments will be used for data
Job Satisfaction Scale (Warr, Cook & Wall 1979)
Job Satisfaction scale is consist of 15 items which respondents
are asked to rank 0-7 according to their level of satisfaction from extremely
dissatisfied to extremely satisfied.
Organizational Commitment Scale (Mowday, Steer and Porter 1979)
It is 15 items questionnaire that involves question regarding
level of commitment and loyalty to the organizations in question. These
question involves certain level of emotional connection. The response is
rated on a 7-point likert scale from 1=Strongly agree to 7=Strongly Disagree.
Out of 15 questiones in
the Questionnair, 6 are reversed which are 3,7,9,11,12 and 15.
Sense of Coherence (Avishai Antonovoski 1987)
The Scale of Sense of Coherence which tells us about the
orientation to life of a respondent by responding to questions on 7 point
Conflict Management Inventory
The english version of Organizational
conflict management inventory is consist of items which a respondent have to
answer on 5 point likert scale where 1=never and 5=often.
Sample of 200 employees from private
organizations, businesses from Chiniot, Sargodha and Faisalabad random
Sample of the study will be approached
individually and Questionnaires will be applied.
Percentages of Demographic Variables (N=200)
Less than 1 Year
Above 5 Years
Table 1 shows frequency and percentage of employees with respect to
Income, age, Experience, Education and Designation. Employees with Income
10-15,000 (f = 67, 34.2%) are greater
in number as compared employees with age group of other Income Ranges. Employees
with income abpve 25,000 (f = 20, 10.2%)
are least in number. Employees with age group 20-25 (f = 78, 39.8%) are greater in number as compared to other age ranges.
Whereas, the age group Above 35 (f =
7, 3.6%) are least on numbers. Employees with education till Metric (f = 88, 44.9%) as compared to the
employees with minimum education of till Middle School (f = 85, 43.4%). Whereas, the employees with above Bachlor level of
Education (f = 23, 11.7%) are least
in Numbers. Workers with Experience Less than 1 Year (f = 68, 34.7%) are greater in number than other ranges, whereas,
workers with above 5Years (f = 5,
2.6%) are least in numbers. Workers with Designation as Salesman or Equivlent (f = 92, 46.9%). Whereas, the employess
on Area level designation (f = 8,
2.1%) are least in Numbers.
Properties of Study Variables (N=200)
Sense of Coherence
Organizational Conflict Inventory
Table 2 shows
psychometric properties of study variables. The reliability analysis indicate
that the reliability coefficient of Organizational Commitment, Job
Satisfaction, Sense of Coherence and Organizational Conflict Inventory scale
are .76, .95, .82 and .92 respectively which indicates satisfactory internal
consistency. The values of skewness for all scales are less than 2 which
indicate that univariate normality is not problematic.
Correlation Matrix for all the Study Variables (N=200)
Note. OC = Organizational Commitment; SC = Sense of Coherence; JS =
Job Satisfaction; OCI = Organizational Conflict Inventory.